The stunning beauty of the Aeolian Islands has attracted explorers and travellers throughout history. The first inhabitants of Aeolian’s arrived around 5000 B.C.; in every island there are visible signs of settlement and archaeological remains. Etruscans, Greeks, Romans before, then Arabs, Christians, Aragons, Turks. The Aeolian Islands are part of the Unesco Heritage List since 2000, according to the two types of eruptions (Vulcanian and Strombolian)provided by the Islands and the important vulcanological studies done.
In last decades the Aeolian Islands have undergone considerable growth process, leading to untenable resource use, waste generation and extensive environmental degradation. With a residential population of 10,000 people, the Municipalities come under huge pressure since more than 100,000 tourists arrive during the summer season. This flow of tourists in a short period of time exceeds the capacity of the Islands ‘environment, and has generated serious demand for water and energy, while producing an increasing volume of wastes.